Ship Request

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  Hydrostation S  -  2020  -  Atlantic Explorer  
  Project Information  
Project Title: The Panulirus Hydrographic Station (Hydrostation S): Years 65-69 Project Status: Submitted
Principal Investigator: Nicholas R. Bates, BIOS Project Institution: BIOS
Project ID: 105183 Version #: 2
Date Submitted: 2/9/2016 10:57:00 AM Created By: Nicholas R. Bates
Date Last Modified: 8/22/2018 6:27:00 PM URI Serial #: None
Funding Agencies: NSF/OCE/PO - 1633125 - Funded
Summary of Field Work: One of the longest open-ocean hydrographic stations in the world is maintained at the Hydrostation S site (formerly known as the Panulirus site) located ~25 km southeast of Bermuda in the North Atlantic Ocean. This program of repeat biweekly hydrographic observations was initiated by Stommel and co–workers began in 1954 and now, in its seventh decade, has proved to be the catalyst for numerous studies of ocean physics, biological processes and biogeochemistry.
The major objective of the proposal is to continue Hydrostation S into the seventh decade, the frequent water column sampling of temperature, salinity, and dissolved oxygen (and indirectly, sampling of important ocean carbon time–series) of the North Atlantic subtropical gyre at the Hydrostation S site. Such work is complementary to other sustained observations such as the Bermuda Atlantic Time–series Study (BATS) and Ocean Flux Program (OFP). We propose to carry out a similar sampling format that has been followed for the past 63 years. As for the past five years, we would continue to conduct two CTD profiles to better capture the deep–water variability while maintaining all the previous discrete depths. The first CTD cast will profile to full ocean depth (3,200–3,500 m) while the second CTD cast will profile to 500 m (to allow for instrumentation not rated for full ocean depth such as a PAR sensor).
Summary of Facility Requirements: The use of the R/V Atlantic Explorer is requested
Summary of other requirements and comments:  
Ship Request Identification
Type of Request: Primary Ship Use Request Status: Submitted
Request ID: 1008290 Created By: Nicholas R. Bates
Date Last Modified: 8/22/2018 6:27:00 PM Date Submitted: 2/9/2016 10:57:00 AM
Requested Ship, Operating Days and Dates
Year: 2020 Ship/Facility: Atlantic Explorer
Optimum Start Date: 1/1/2020 Dates to Avoid: Not applicable
Earliest Start Date: 1/1/2020 Multi-Ship Op: No
Latest Start Date: 1/1/2020 Other Ship(s): Not applicable

Operating Days Needed: Science Days Mob Days De-Mob Days Estimated Transit Days Total Days
26 4 4 0 34
Repeating Cruise?
(within same year)
Yes Interval: biweekly # of Cruises: 26

Description of Repeating cruise requirements: Hydrostation S program is biweekly one day cruise
Justification/Explanation for ship choice, dates,
conflicts, number of days & multi-ship operations:
R/V Atlantic Explorer is based in Bermuda, close to the time-series site
Work Area for Cruise
Short Description of Op Area
for use in schedules:
Description of Op Area: Sampling at the Hydrostation S site
Op Area Size/Dia.: 30
  Lat/Long Marsden Grid Navy Op Area
32° N / 64° W map
115 map
NA06 map
32° N / 64° W map
115 map
NA06 map
  Show Degrees Minutes    
Foreign Clearance and Permitting Requirements
Foreign Clearance Required? No Coastal States:

 Important Info on Foreign Research Clearances  

Are you or any member in your science party bringing in any science equipment items which are regulated for export by the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and/or the Export Administration Regulations (EAR)?
No If yes, have you applied for the necessary permits through your export control office? No
 Questions about ITAR/EAR regulations?

Comments about foreign clearance requirements or
description of any other special permitting requirements
(e.g., MMPA, ESA, IHA, Marine Sanctuaries, etc.)
Port Calls
Requested Start Port Intermediate Port(s) Requested End Port
St. George's, Bermuda None St. George's, Bermuda
Explanation/justification for requested
ports and dates of intermediate stops
or to list additional port stops
St. Georges is start and end of cruise

 Important Info on Working in Foreign Ports

Science Party
Chief Scientist: Nicholas R. Bates, BIOS
# in Science Party 10 # of different science teams 1 # Marine Technicians to be
provided by ship operator:
(include in science party total)
Explanation of Science Party Requirements and Technician Requirements Cruise participants vary from 4 to 10 depending on science requirements
Instrumentation Requirements That Impact Scheduling Decisions
Unselected Dynamic PositioningSelected ADCPUnselected MultibeamUnselected Seismic
Unselected Dredging/Coring/Large Dia. Trawl WireUnselected Stern A-frameUnselected Fiber Optic (.681)Unselected 0.680 Coax Wire
Unselected SCUBA DivingUnselected Radioisotope use - briefly describeUnselected NO Radioisotope use/Natural level workUnselected Other Operator Provided Inst. - Describe
0 PI-Provided Vans - briefly describe Unselected MOCNESS  
Explain Instrumentation or Capability
requirements that could affect choice
of ship in scheduling.


Major Ancillary Facilities (that require coordination of schedules with ship schedule)
Unselected Helicopter Ops (USCG)Unselected Twin OtterUnselected Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) 
Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV)
Unselected Other AUVUnselected Sentry  
Coring Facility
Unselected Jumbo Piston CoringUnselected Large Gravity Core Unselected MC800 multicorer w/ MISO camera/telemetryUnselected OSU Coring Facility (MARSSAM)
Unselected Other Large Coring FacilityUnselected WHOI Long Core  
Human Occupied Vehicle (HOV)
Unselected AlvinUnselected Clelia (HBOI)Unselected JSL I & II (HBOI)Unselected Other HOV
Other Facility
Unselected MISO Facility - deep-sea imagingUnselected Other FacilityUnselected Potential Fields Pool Equipment 
Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV)
Unselected JasonUnselected Other ROV  
Seismic Facility
Unselected Ocean Bottom Seismograph Instrument Center (OBSIC)Unselected Ocean Bottom Seismograph Instrument Pool (OBSIP)Unselected Ocean-Bottom Seismometer Program (UTIG)Unselected Other Seismic/OBS Facility
Unselected PASSCALUnselected Portable MCS groupUnselected Portable MCS/SCS groupUnselected U.S. Geological Survey Ocean Bottom Seismometer Facility (USGS at WHOI)
Towed Underwater Vehicle
Unselected ARGO IIUnselected Hawaii MR1 (HMRG)Unselected IMI12 (HMRG)Unselected IMI120 (HMRG - formerly DSL 120A)
Unselected IMI30 (HMRG)Unselected Other Towed Underwater VehicleUnselected Towfish 
UNOLS Van Pool
Unselected AUV Lab Van #1Unselected Clean Lab VanUnselected Cold Lab VanUnselected General Purpose Lab Van
Unselected Radioisotope Lab VanUnselected Wet Lab Van  
UNOLS Winch Pool
Unselected Mooring SpoolerUnselected Portable WinchUnselected Turn Table 
Explain Major Ancillary Facilities
Requirements and list description
and provider for "other" systems.

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